A Religious Festivals

DURGA PUJA : It is a Hindu festival usually held in the first week of October. It is a celebration of the victory of good over evil, of Goddess Durga and her lion killing the demon Mahishasura. It is held for five days during which people visit the various pandals and make merry. The state is on official holiday for four days. on the last day, called Vijaya Dashami, the idols of the Goddess and her four children are immersed in water. People visit relatives and friends and distribute sweets.

KALI PUJA : This is a traditional Bengali festival usually celebrated in the first week of November. Goddess Kali is worshipped at night and the city is lit up. It corresponds with the Hindu festival of Diwali.

SARASWATI PUJA : This is done to worship Goddess Saraswati, the Goddess of Learning. Books are worshipped by students.

DOL YATARA UTSAV :This is the Bengali equivalent of Holi. It celebrates Lord Krishna and the onset of spring.

RATH YATRA : A chariot of Lord Jaganath is taken out in a long procession with mush fanfare by the ISKCON group.

EID : There are two eids, Eid-ul-Fitr or “the little feast” and Eid-ul-Adha or “the big feast” which celebrate the end of the month of fasting called Ramadan and the sacrifice of the son of Prophet Ibrahim in the name of Allah.

CHRISTMAS : The Anglo – Indian community celebrate Christmas in a big way in Kolkata with a beautiful service at St. Paul’s Cathedral. The Park Street and New Market areas are decorated for this festival.

Cultural Festivals

DOVER LANE MUSIC FESTIVAL : It is a prestigious festival promoting Hindustani Classical music where the world maestros and new talent share the same stage. It consists of 3 all – night recitals held during January 23 – 26 each year.

CALCUTTA BOOK FAIR : Also known as Kolkata Boi Mela, it is the largest non-traditional annual book fair on earth. It is held in the last week of January and continues for twelve days.

CALCUTTA INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVAL : It is an annual event held between November 10 – 17. It is affiliated with the International Federation of Film Producers' Association (FIAPF) in Paris and was started in 1995.

NATIONAL THEATRE FESTIVAL : the biggest annual event in the field of Indian Theatre. It was first held in 1984 as a celebration of the silver jubilee of the Nadikar group, who are its organisers.

Others

BENGALI NEW YEAR : “Poila Boishakh” is celebrated on April 15 when people give friends and relatives gifts and sweets alongwith greetings. Numerous cultural programmes are organised throughout the city.

ENGLISH NEW YEAR : the night of 31st December is widely celebrated in Kolkata. Every hotel, terrace and open ground has its own party. Thousands also congreggate on Park Street and party all night long.



How To Reach Here

Kolkata is well connected with all the major cities by road, air and railways.

By Air :
Chowringhee is the center of most airline offices. One and only airport is " Netaji Subash Chnadra International Airport" and it is situated at DUM DUM.Kolkata is well connected by air to all major countries in the world, as well as to Indian cities. The air carriers that have flights to and from the city include Aeroflot, Air France, Air India, Biman Bangladesh, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Gulf Air, Indian Airlines, Japan Airlines, Jet Airways, KLM-Royal Dutch Airlines, Royal Jordanian Airlines, Royal Nepal Airlines, Singapore Airlines and Thai Airways International.

By Train :
There are many comfortable trains available from Kolkata to other places mainly operating from Howrah station. Kolkata is the Divisional HQs of two zones of Indian Railways .So a number of train services are available from here. Trains are available from all parts of the country to Kolkata. Most inward bound trains stop at Howrah, which is also the station from which major trains to other cities depart. Since Howrah and Sealdah are at a distance from each other, please remember to check which station you need you board your train from, when you buy your ticket! RAJDHANI EXPRESS leaves from Howrah and as well as Sealdah also.
And I will post the train schedule and train at a glance in my next post.












(Howrah Station )


( Early Morning at Sealdah Station )


By Road :
There are many well connected main road at Kolkata to the major Indian cities. Like Delhi Road, Bombay Road etc.


Places to go to:

Maidan, Fort William

Completed in 1781 to serve as an impregnable fort at Maidan, Fort William, named after King William III, now serves as the Military Head quarters of the Eastern Command, which can accommodate a garrison of 10,000 men and has huge green expanse giving lung space to a chocked city. After the events of 1756, the British decided there would be no repetition of the attack on the city and set out to replace the original Fort William. First they cleared out the inhabitants of the village of Govindpur and in 1758 laid the foundations of a fort, which was completed in 1781 at an expense of 2 million British pounds. The fort is still in use today and visitors are allowed inside only with special permission. The area cleared around Fort William became the Maidan, the ?lungs? of modern Calcutta, stretching 3 km north to south and is over a km wide.


The Structure
The Fort is a brick-and-mortar structure built in the shape of an irregular octagon surrounding 5 square km of which five sides look landward and three on the river, surrounded by a fosse 9 meter deep and 15 meter broad which can be flooded in times of emergency. There are six gates Chowringhee, Plassey Calcutta, Water gate St Georges and Treasury Gate. A telephone office, recreation club, canteen, cinema hall, restaurant, swimming pool and wide moat surround it. For the tourist, there is a museum housing arms and armours, swords, muskets and machine guns. Another section has photographs of the Burma campaign and of the Bangladesh Liberation War. The Arsenal inside is worth visiting with a prior permission required from the Commanding Officer.



Eden Gardens
The Eden Gardens were created in 1840 by the two Eden sisters who were related to the Governor General, Lord Auckland. The idea was to recreate a Biblical - style Garden of Eden in India.



(Inside Eden garden )

In the Garden, the vast expanse dotted with beautiful trees and shrubs is intersected by winding paths. There is a large artificial lake here. Adjoining the lake is the Pagoda which was brought to Calcutta from Burma after the British defeated the Burmese in the war of 1884. This pagoda, set in the centre of the pond, is a special attraction of this scenic garden, a favourite spot among the local people.

Victoria Memorial

This is a memorial dedicated to Queen Victoria, built between 1906-21. The architectural blend of this monument is interesting. The Mogul domes blend beautifully with the Sarcenic and Renaissance styles.




( Victoria Memorial On Evening )

There is an interesting museum in the memorial with over 3000 exhibits, including the Queen’s piano and study desk. It is open on all days of the week except Mondays between 10.00 am to 4.30 pm.

Saint Paul’s Cathedral
This church is aesthetically very appealing. Its stained glass windows, Florentine frescos, grand altar, a gothic tower produce a profusion of grandeur. It is open from 9.00 am to noon and from 3.00 pm to 6.00 pm.

Nakhoda Mosque

This massive red sandstone mosque on MG road can hold 10,000 worshippers. It was built in 1926 as an imitation of Akbar's tomb in Agra. The top floor has views of the streets below, which are crowded with stalls selling everything from paperback editions of the Koran to kebabs!

Marble Palace
Located on MG Road, you must have a dekko for its sheer opulence. This palace was the home of a rich Bengali landlord in the 1800s. There are some important statues and paintings on display. There are also beautiful chandeliers, European antiques, Venetian glass, old pianos and blue china vases, which provide an idea of the lifestyle of the rich in the 1800s.

Paresnath Jain Temple
This temple, built in 1867, is ornately decorated with Venetian glass mosaics, chandeliers from Paris and Brussels, a gilded dome, stained glass windows and mirror inlaid pillars. It is open through the week from 6.00 am to noon and from 3.00 pm to 7.00 pm.



( Pareshnath Jain Temple )


Kali Temple

This is a popular site for the devout. 6 km south of Sudder Street, this temple is dedicated to Kali, the patron goddess of Kolkata. Kali literally means "black." The tongue of the deity of Kali drips with blood and she wears a garland of skulls. Kali is the destructive aspect of Lord Siva’s consort, Parvati. The present temple was built in 1809 on the site of a much older temple. It is open from 3.00 am to 8.00 pm.


( Cherish Moment - "Kirtan"at Dakhineswar Temple )

( Moment During Kali Puja's)

Mother Teresa’s homes

A must-see for those who wish to see what humanism is all about. This has become a major attraction of Kolkata. A visit to this place will give your visit to Kolkata a new perspective. Located near the Kali Temple, the place is a home for hundreds of destitute and "the poorest of the poor" - to quote Mother Teresa herself. You may help the needy with your contributions.


Introduction

Hello People out here.Myself Prasenjit from India.Ghumo India is blog about travel India,information about indian tourism,hotel reservation , tourist spot , train time table information, cheap air fare, train fare, where to visit and how to visit India, everything related to Indian tourism. I love my India. From my childhood I have visited many places in India with my family.My father Mr.Pulin Behari Nandi is truly a travel lover. and my mom also. Hill area is my favorite place. I like Naineetal , Kashmir , Manali , Shimla , Deradoon , Uti and many more. I will share my experience in this blog also. I will start from my own state that is West Bengal. I will share culture , people, lifestyle , work culture, recepies , fashion , and off course tourist spot and many more. "Ghumo India "- its means travel India. I think this blog "Ghumo India" would able to help foreign people who interested to visit India.And as well as Indian people also. Indian people will love it because I will post train time table and as well as train services to each destination and foreign people will find each and every tourist spot from each state whether it is Bengal or Kashmir. I will try to post all the information. Here you can find hotel reservation information and other booking service information also. If you think the information is not enough that I have posted here then you can mail me asking more information.

In religion, India is the only millionaire......the One land that all men desire to see, and having seen once, by even a glimpse, would not give that glimpse for all the shows of all the rest of the globe combined.
Mark Twain
(American Author, 1835-1910)

Some Words About India

The decline of the Guptas, in North India, and the consequent rise of a large but ineffective number of regional powers made the political situation very fluid and unstable by the ninth century AD. This paved the way for the Muslim invasion into India during the early half of the eleventh century. These were felt in the form of seventeen successive raids to North India, made by Mahmud of Ghazni between 1001 and 1025. These raids effectively shattered the balance of power in North India allowing subsequent invaders to claim the territory for themselves. However the next Muslim ruler to invade India achieved the establishment of foreign rule in India, in its truesense. This Mahmud of Ghauri attacked India and after some futile resistance by the local leadership was able to successfully lay the foundation of a foreign empire in India. Under him, large parts of India came under Muslim rule and very soon his successor Qutub - ud - Aibak became the first of the sultans of Delhi. His was followed by the rule of the Khaljis and Tughlaq, also known as the rule of the Delhi Sultanate, who ruled over a large portion of North India and parts of south India till until the coming in of the Lodis andSayyids and after them the Mughals who established, what came to be known as the most vibrant era of Indian History.

Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzeb were some of the most prominent rulers of the Mughal dynasty. Although the Mughal’s heyday was relatively brief, their empire was massive, covering, at its height, almost the entire Indian subcontinent. Its significance was not only in its size, however. The Mughal emperors presided over a golden age of arts and literature and had a passion for building, which resulted in some of the greatest architecture in India. In particular, Shah Jahan’s Taj Mahal at Agra ranks as one of the wonders of the world This apart, the large number of forts, palaces, gates, buildings, mosques, baolis (watertank or well) gardens, etc., forms the cultural heritage of the Mughals in India. The Mughals were also instrumental in establishing one of the most efficient administrative setups in India. Most noteworthy being their revenue administration, the characteristics of which form the basics of the revenue and land reform laws in India till date.The decline of the Mughals saw the corresponding rise of Marathas in western India. In other parts of India, however a new trend of foreign invasion under the garb of commercial links had started from the fifteenth century AD onwards - first, with the arrival and gradual takeover of Goa by the Portugese led by Vasco da Gama -between 1498 and 1510 AD; and then with the arrival, and the setting up of the first trading post at Surat, in Gujrat, by the East India Company.

The British and Portugese were not the only Europeans in India. The Danes and Dutch also had trading posts, and in 1672 AD, the French established themselves at Pondicherry, an enclave that they held even after the British had departed. The British represented by the East India Company established their commercial control over vast areas in India, which very soon had an administrative dimension to it. The British rule in India was however formalized by the direct takeover of India by the British Crown, through the post 1857 reforms.

Over View:
India is administratively divided into a number of provinces (like west bengal , Kashmir, Orisa etc.) that are by and large controlled by a powerful centre. New Delhi is the capital city of India though there are a number of other big and small cities in the country.Local time in India is GMT + 5.30 hrs. India has near about 1 billion citizens. India is the second most populous country in the world. There are 24 language is over there and million of people spoken by this.English is the main language of trade and politics, but there are fourteen official languages in all. But the national language of India is Hindi.Hinduism is the dominant faith of India.

And many more history and latest news on India will be published in this blog.